You might not think often about how your air conditioner operates, but it relies on refrigerant to keep your home fresh. This refrigerant is subject to environmental laws, as it contains chemicals.
Based on when your air conditioner was installed, it may need R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Marshalltown, in addition to how these phaseouts affect you.
What’s R-22 and Why is It Discontinued?
If your air conditioner was put in before 2010, it possibly has Freon®. You can find out if your air conditioner contains it by reaching us at 641-812-2028. You can also check the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is situated outside your house. This sticker will contain info on what type of refrigerant your AC needs.
Freon, which is also known as R-22, contains chlorine. Scientists consider R-22 to be bad for the earth’s ozone layer and one that results in global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which controls refrigerants in the United States, banned its creation and import in January 2020.
I Use an Air Conditioner with R-22. Do I Need to Get a New One?
It varies. If your air conditioning is working properly, you can continue to keep it. With yearly air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your system to work around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy notes that substituting a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on annual cooling bills!
If you don’t get a new air conditioner, it could lead to an issue if you require air conditioning repair later on, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs might be pricier, because only limited amounts of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is available.
With the phaseout of R-22, many new air conditioners now use Puron®. Also referred to as R-410A, this refrigerant was made to keep the ozone layer in good shape. As it requires a different pressure level, it isn’t compatible with air conditioners that use R-22 for cooling.
However, Puron still has the potential to lead to global warming. Because of that, it could also ultimately be discontinued. Although it hasn’t been announced yet for residential air conditioners, it’s likely sometime this decade.
What Refrigerant Will Replace R-410A?
In preparation of the discontinuation, some companies have begun using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant is classified low for global warming likelihood—approximately one-third less than R-410A. And it also decreases energy consumption by around 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that might be forwarded on to you through your cooling expenses.
Kapaun & Brown Inc. Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs
In short, the alterations to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t concern you very much until you need repairs. But as we talked about previously, refrigerant-related repairs may be more expensive because of the restricted levels available.
Aside from that, your air conditioner often malfunctions at the worst time, frequently on the warmest day when we’re getting lots of other requests for AC repair.
If your air conditioner uses a phased out refrigerant or is getting old, we advise upgrading to a modern, energy-efficient air conditioner. This provides a stress-free summer and might even decrease your energy costs, especially if you select an ENERGY STAR®-rated air conditioner. Plus, Kapaun & Brown Inc. offers many financing options to make your new air conditioner work with your budget. Contact us at 641-812-2028 to get started today with a free estimate.